Persian is an Indo-European language spoken in
Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and
elsewhere. It is part of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian
language family. It is known as:
• Farsi or Parsi,
local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
• Tajik, local name in Central Asia.
• Dari, name given to classical Persian
poetry and court language, as well as to Persian dialects spoken in
British colonization, Persian was also widely used as a second
language in the Indian subcontinent; it took prominence as the
language of culture and education in several Muslim courts in the
subcontinent throughout the Middle Ages and became the "official
language" under the Mughal emperors. Only in 1832 did the British
force the subcontinent to begin conducting business in English
instead of the traditional Persian. Evidence of its former rank in
the region can still be seen by the extent of its influence on
Hindi, Bengali, and Urdu, as well as the popularity that Persian
literature still enjoys in the region. Persian and its dialects have
official-language status in the countries of Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. According to
CIA World Factbook, there are 71 million native speakers of Persian
Uzbekistan and there are
about the same number other peoples who can speak Persian throughout
the world. It belongs to the Indo-European language family, and is
of the Subject Object Verb type. UNESCO was asked to select Persian
as one of its languages in 2006.
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