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About Persian Language:

Persian is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. It is part of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family. It is known as:
 Farsi or Parsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
 Tajik, local name in Central Asia.
 Dari, name given to classical Persian poetry and court language, as well as to Persian dialects spoken in Tajikistan and Afghanistan.
Prior to British colonization, Persian was also widely used as a second language in the Indian subcontinent; it took prominence as the language of culture and education in several Muslim courts in the subcontinent throughout the Middle Ages and became the "official language" under the Mughal emperors. Only in 1832 did the British force the subcontinent to begin conducting business in English instead of the traditional Persian. Evidence of its former rank in the region can still be seen by the extent of its influence on Hindi, Bengali, and Urdu, as well as the popularity that Persian literature still enjoys in the region. Persian and its dialects have official-language status in the countries of Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. According to CIA World Factbook, there are 71 million native speakers of Persian in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan and there are about the same number other peoples who can speak Persian throughout the world. It belongs to the Indo-European language family, and is of the Subject Object Verb type. UNESCO was asked to select Persian as one of its languages in 2006.

Source: Wikipedia 

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